Here is quick lists of the various file extensions you’ll come upon working with a graphic designer, what each of them signify, and the way the file format is used.
- GIF: Graphics Interchange FormatGIF files are low resolution files most typically used for internet and email functions. The majority browsers can support the use of GIF files, which use a compression scheme to stay the file size small. GIF files can be created with a transparent background.
- AI: Adobe Illustrator AI files are vector files employed by designers and printers to generate files of various file formats and sizes. AI files will only be opened using Adobe Illustrator and will be created in layers. AI file is one among the most preferred formats by printers, promotional product companies, silk screeners, banner and sign companies, and other third party.
- PDF: Portable Document FormatA PDF is a universal file format that preserves/embeds the fonts, digital photos, layout and graphics of any source document, in spite of the application used to create it. PDF files can be shared, viewed and printed by anyone with the free Adobe Reader software. Some PDF files will be used for business, digital, and/or desktop printing.
- JPG: Joint Photographic Expert GroupA JPG file is a compressed image file that doesn’t support a transparent background. The amount of compression in JPG files will vary in resolution with high quality for desktop printing, medium quality for internet viewing and low quality for email. When compressed repeatedly the overall quality of a JPG image is reduced.
- PSD: Photoshop DocumentThe PSD file format, sometimes a raster format, contains graphics and digital photos created in Adobe Photoshop image editing software. Most typically used by designer and printers. PSD files will only be opened using Photoshop and will be created in layers.
- TIF: Tagged Image File FormatThe TIF/TIFF file format is most typically used for storing pictures, photography, or art. TIF files are most typically used in professional environments and business printing. The TIF format is the most generally supported format across all platforms. It’s the standard format for high quality pictures. Though large in size, TIF formats are considered to be the most reliable format for high quality pictures.
- EPS: Encapsulated PostscriptEPS files are most typically used by designers to transfer a picture or design, usually a vector file into another application. Vector-based EPS files are scalable to any size. EPS files will be opened using Adobe Illustrator, Freehand, or Adobe Photoshop.
- PNG: Portable Network GraphicsThe PNG file format is most typically used for used on-line and on websites as a result of their low resolution. PNG files are bitmap pictures that use lossless information compression, and like GIF files, PNG files can be created with a transparent background.